Thursday, December 03, 2015

From remote shell to remote terminal

If you like exploitation surely you've had your own reverse or connect-back shells. Set up a listening netcat, run the payload and boom: you get a shell back! Then you explore the box, start a program, want to stop it, and do Ctrl-C... no!!! You just lost your shell, because that interrupted netcat, not the remote process.

In this post we'll look at shells and terminals, from the most simple like this netcat with /bin/sh over the network, to a remote terminal emulator supporting terminal window size changes out of band. Think all the goodness SSH is doing for you, could we attempt something like it?

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Creating Burp extensions in Python, the "editor" case

Surely you've heard of the Burp Suite, quite useful software to perform security testing of web applications and in general to play with anything that talks HTTP(S). There's even a free edition which is often more than enough since I mostly use just Proxy and Repeater.

You can even write extensions to automate things or support some weird things you might see on top of HTTP. Burp being written in Java, you can write your extensions in Java. They also allow you to write them in Python or Ruby, using Jython or JRuby.

I needed to write an extension recently, in Python since I don't particularly like Java. This post shares my experience and resulting code.

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Golang data races to break memory safety

Go is becoming more and more popular as a programming language and getting more scrutiny from a security point of view. You might remember my heap corruption during garbage collection post. A few days ago Scott Piper wrote Looking for security trouble spots in Go code, an interesting read.

I'd like to expand on a topic I've researched a few months ago after discussing with Dmitry Vyukov (ASAN, TSAN, core Go contributor). He mentioned once on the public Go mailing list that you can break the memory safety of Go with data races, and it piqued my interest so we'll explore that in this post with some exploits.

Before I start, it's important to realize that the Go team knows about this: see Russ Cox detailed blog post Off to the Races.

Sunday, January 25, 2015

DNS reverse proxy

I have a server with a single IPv4 and I want to run two DNS servers:
  • one to serve zones like - if you recall, I like PowerDNS;
  • another one for tunneling - I like dns2tcp (TCP level), another good one is iodine (IP level).
Problem: I looked a bit but none of the DNS server software I've seen support forwarding queries that aren't for them to another server. Basically what I need is a reverse proxy that looks at the DNS query, and route it based on the name. It's the same as an HTTP reverse proxy that looks at the Host field to proxy the request to another server. I tried to hack with resolvers and stub/forward zones but it didn't work.

So I made my own dns-reverse-proxy in just a few lines of Go, using a fully featured DNS library. It's running smoothly, if you have the same need feel free to use it!

Monday, October 13, 2014

Tiny ELF 32/64 with nasm

Sometimes I need to create a tiny ELF with some assembly code, because I'm restricted in size or just don't like the bloated binary produced by gcc and the linker. The classic reference about this is A Whirlwind Tutorial on Creating Really Teensy ELF Executables for Linux. I often use their nasm listing as a template.

I was working with 64bit code the other day and realized there's no 64bit version of it, so here's one.

Saturday, January 04, 2014

IDA on Debian amd64 with python

Are you the lucky owner of an IDA Pro linux license? Since I had errors last time I set it up, here is a quick brain dump on setting up IDA Pro 6.5 on Debian sid with IDA python 2.7. It may even work for Ubuntu.

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Defcon 21 quals - blackbox write-up

It was DEFCON 21 quals last week-end, with new organizers. It went well, good organization and good challenges. If you're curious about the results, here is a fancy top15 graph. Apparently it was too easy for PPP who finished all of the challenges... insane! :)

There were 5 categories:
  • 3dub: web-based challenges
  • 0x41414141: exploitation
  • \xff\xe4\xcc: shellcode
  • OMGACM: guerilla programming
  • gnireenigne: reverse engineering
I liked the exploitation ones with ARM under Linux/FreeBSD. Reverse was nice, shellcoding interesting but some painful, web was way too easy and OMGACM just annoying.
If you want to have a look, @JonathanSalwan saved some of the binaries on his repo.

Tuesday, June 04, 2013

Golang heap corruption during garbage collection

I've been playing with Go recently, it's an interesting programming language (I recommend the tour).

It is compiled, garbage-collected and memory safe.. as long as you don't find a bug in the runtime. Alex Reece (@awreece) from PPP recently blogged about a nice vulnerability, I found it interesting and started following more of the changes.

This one looked fun: runtime: fix heap corruption during GC (#5554), let's try to exploit it. The bug was not present in Go 1.0.3, present in Go 1.1 but will be fixed in Go 1.1.1 (to be released next week).

Friday, January 18, 2013

TOR relay and transparent routing

I assume you already know about TOR, The Onion Router for anonymity to protect your privacy.

TOR is a network so it can only work if there are nodes (relays). If you have a server, you can run one so consider it. Afraid of legal issues? You do not need to run an exit node, a relay is just fine: everything is encrypted.

This post will show you how easy it is to set up a TOR relay on Debian, how to nicely monitor it and how to use it as a transparent router.

Monday, May 14, 2012

USB rescue and secure boot disk

I think it's always good to carry a rescue operating system, like Ultimate Boot CD for Linux or UBCD for Windows. Personally I like Grml, debian-based, 32/64 bits and it can be installed on USB.

Booting from CD/USB is as simple as embedding syslinux, a kernel, an initrd and give it a filesystem. The filesystem can be stored on the CD/USB (usually as a squashfs file), but you can also point to a local filesystem. This way, you can have a fully encrypted local disk and boot (kernel+initrd) from CD/USB. And good news, this is not specific to Linux! If you use TrueCrypt on Windows, you can chain syslinux to grub4dos and boot from your TrueCrypt Rescue Disk ISO file.

Since TrueCrypt does not use the TPM (unlike BitLocker) and Linux solutions (e.g. TrustedGrub) are not yet ready, this simple workaround allows you to protect against tampering of the non-encrypted disk portions (mbr, /boot), because this part of the boot chain is on the USB key.

This post will describe how to set up a USB disk with grml32/64, grub4dos for TrueCrypt Rescue Disks, a Linux /boot and how to add other live CDs.